[1]王浩,何中其,朱益.硝铵炸药真空干燥工艺燃爆事故致灾因素的研究[J].365bet在线网址_365bet网上娱乐网址_365bet手机网址多少,2019,48(04):60-64.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-8352.2019.04.011]
 WANG Hao,HE Zhongqi,ZHU Yi.Study on the Blast Accident Causing Factors in Vacuum Drying Process of Ammonium Nitrate Explosives[J].EXPLOSIVE MATERIALS,2019,48(04):60-64.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-8352.2019.04.011]
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硝铵炸药真空干燥工艺燃爆事故致灾因素的研究()
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《365bet在线网址_365bet网上娱乐网址_365bet手机网址多少》[ISSN:1001-8352/CN:32-1163/TJ]

卷:
48
期数:
2019年04
页码:
60-64
栏目:
安全与测试
出版日期:
2019-07-04

文章信息/Info

Title:
Study on the Blast Accident Causing Factors in Vacuum Drying Process of Ammonium Nitrate Explosives
文章编号:
5294
作者:
王浩;?何中其;?朱益
南京理工大学化工学院(江苏南京,210094)
Author(s):
WANG Hao;? HE Zhongqi;? ZHU Yi
School of Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology (Jiangsu Nanjing, 210094)
关键词:
硝铵炸药;?真空干燥;?燃爆事故;?事故树;?最小径集;?结构重要度
Keywords:
ammonium nitrate explosives;? vacuum drying process;? blast accident;? fault tree;? minimal path sets;? structure importance
分类号:
X928.7; TQ560.6
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-8352.2019.04.011
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
真空干燥是硝铵炸药生产过程中一道容易发生燃爆事故的重要工序。为研究硝铵炸药真空干燥过程中发生燃爆事故的原因及机理,通过事故案例分析和现场调研,确定了导致燃爆事故的各个基本事件及其逻辑关系,并由此构建以燃爆事故作为顶事件的事故树。采用布尔代数化简事故树,得到87个最小割集和9个最小径集,结果显示每个最小径集包含的基本事件都较多,说明真空干燥工艺安全性较低。通过计算各基本事件的结构重要度并排序,得到结构重要度较大的基本事件,由此推断出导致燃爆事故的主要基本事件,并有针对性地提出相应的改进措施与建议,为企业的安全生产提供参考。
Abstract:
The vacuum drying is an important process in the production of ammonium nitrate explosives, while it is prone to blast during process. In order to study the causes and mechanisms of the blast accident in the vacuum drying process, this paper determines the basic events and their logical relationships through past cases analysis and onsite investigation, then a fault tree with the blast accident as the top event was developed. Via simplifying the fault tree by Boolean algebra, and 87 minimal cut sets and 9 minimal path sets are obtained. The results show that each minimal path set contains a relatively large number of basic events, indicating its inherent safety the vacuum drying process. Calculating the structure importance of each basic event and sorting to obtain the basic events with large structural importance, which represent the main events leading to the blast accident, and the corresponding rectification measures are proposed in a targeted manner to provide reference for the safe production of enterprises.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-09-12
第一作者:王浩(1994-),男,硕士研究生,主要从事化工工艺安全技术等方面的研究。E-mail: whhongdue@163.com
通信作者:何中其(1978-),男,博士,讲师,主要从事安全技术与安全工程方面的研究。E-mail: hzq555@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-07-04